Part I of this article provides an overview of intergenerational philosophy as it developed in Western culture prior to the American revolution. Special attention is paid to property rights and to the treatment of land and other natural resources. Part II focuses on the founders' own philosophies of intergenerational justice, as articulated in books, articles, letters and other period documents. Part III explicates the specific constitutional provisions which support an intergenerational stewardship doctrine . Part IV reviews some areas of public policy implicated by the doctrine, proposes general guidelines for public and private conduct, and suggests appropriate standards of judicial review. Part V responds to some of the philosophic and legal objections most likely to be raised in response to the proposed stewardship doctrine, and Part VI provides a summary and conclusions.
|Introduction||Taking Turns, Intro The Stewardship Doctrine: Intro page 2|
|I. Historical overview||Edmund Burke, "original intent"|
| A Ancient Greece, Rome, and the Old Testament.
Greece and Rome The Old Testament
|Plato Cicero Augustine The Covenant Leviticus and John Quincy Adams|
|B The New Testament and the Christian Church.||St. Thomas Aquinas,|
|C English Rights Documents||Magna Carta|
|D Sidney and Locke.
Preservation of the Species
Acting as tenants
Eschewing spoilage, waste, and destruction
Leaving enough behind.
|English rights theorists, Algernon Sidney John Locke Preservation of the Species Locke Second Treatise Generational Sovereignty|
| II. The intergenerational philosophy of the founders and
A A Pervasive Concern for Future Generations.
|Concern for future generations Common Sense Reflections on the Revolution in France Thomas Paine and Rights of Man Iroquois constitution|
|B Generational Sovereignty and the Land - The Earth as
Land vs. Improvements
|The Earth as Intergenerational Commons Jefferson's Usufruct Topsoil depletion Entail Intergenerational property rights|
|C Inalienable Rights.||unalienable rights Virginia Declaration Rights of Englishmen George Mason and James Madison Declaration of Independence|
|D Generational Sovereignty and the Laws - The Right of Reconstitution||Alexander Hamilton Thomas Jefferson James Madison Founding Fathers|
|E Generational Sovereignty and Economic Rights - The Question of Inherited Public Debt.||Jefferson and Public Debt|
|III. Constitutional Text|
|A The Preamble.||Preamble's posterity clause Preamble|
|B The Nobility Clauses - Constitutional Prohibitions of Intergenerational Advantage||Intergenerational Advantage Nobility and privelege Corporate ownership|
|C Corruption of Blood and the Civil War Amendments - Constitutional Prohibitions of Intergenerational Disadvantage||Slaveholder "property rights' 13th and 14th Amendments Madison's factions Roe vs Wade|
|Sites discussing Stewardship:
(with a variety of points of view)
Wisconsin Stewardship Network
the-stewardship.org a list of stewardship sites
Land Stewardship Project
Stewardship in the Christian context.